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3 edition of Life cycle design of amorphous silicon photovoltaic modules found in the catalog.

Life cycle design of amorphous silicon photovoltaic modules

Life cycle design of amorphous silicon photovoltaic modules

project summary

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Published by U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, National Risk Management Research Laboratory in Cincinnati, OH .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Photovoltaic cells,
  • Photovoltaic power generation,
  • Product life cycle

  • Edition Notes

    Other titlesProject summary
    StatementGeoffrey Lewis and Gregory A. Keoleian
    ContributionsKeoleian, Gregory A, National Risk Management Research Laboratory (U.S.)
    The Physical Object
    FormatMicroform
    Pagination1 v
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL15182508M

      Amorphous panels, also known as thin film panels have the shortest working life compared to all other types of solar panels. Although they typically still come with a year warranty, they're usually only guaranteed to produce at 80% of their rated output after only 10 years. The photovoltaic (PV) sector has undergone both major expansion and evolution over the last decades, and currently, the technologies already marketed or still in the laboratory/research phase are numerous and very different. Likewise, in order to assess the energy and environmental impacts of these devices, life cycle assessment (LCA) studies related to these systems are always increasing.

    L. Frisson, H. Hofkens, K. d. Clerqk, J. Nijs and A. Geeroms: Cost Effective Recycling of PV modules and the Impact on the Environment, Life Cycle, Energy Payback Time and Cost. Proceedings of the 2nd World Conference on Photovoltaic Energy Conversion, Vienna (), p. – Google Scholar. Get this from a library! Life cycle design of amorphous silicon photovoltaic modules: project summary. [Geoffrey M Lewis; Gregory A Keoleian; National Risk .

    All of the following is true regarding the manufacturing of crystalline silicon PV modules except: A. An ingot of material is created and then sliced B. More PV material is used to create the monocrystalline cell than for the thin film cell C. The PV material is deposited directly onto substrates D.   The remarkable development in photovoltaic (PV) technologies over the past 5 years calls for a renewed assessment of their performance and .


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Life cycle design of amorphous silicon photovoltaic modules Download PDF EPUB FB2

@article{osti_, title = {Life cycle design of amorphous silicon photovoltaic modules}, author = {Lewis, G M and Keoleian, G A}, abstractNote = {The primary objective of this project was to develop and apply design metrics for assessing and guiding the improvement of PV product systems.

The total PV life cycle, encompassing material production, manufacturing and assembly, use, and end of. Life cycle design of amorphous silicon photovoltaic modules: Project summary [Lewis, Geoffrey M] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Life cycle design of amorphous silicon photovoltaic modules: Project summaryAuthor: Geoffrey M Lewis.

The life cycle design framework was applied to photovoltaic module design. The primary objective of this project was to develop and evaluate design metrics for assessing and guiding the Improvement of PV product systems. Two metrics were used to assess life cycle energy performance of a PV module: energy payback time and electricity production efficiency.

This life cycle design demonstration project was a collaborative effort between the National Pollution Prevention Center at the University of Michigan, the National Risk Management Research Laboratory of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, and United Solar Systems Corporation, a leading manufacturer of thin film amorphous silicon PV modules.

The VLS-PV systems evaluated would have a capacity of 1 GW, and six kinds of PV modules were supposed: mono-crystalline silicon (mono-Si), multi-crystalline silicon (mc-Si), amorphous silicon/single-crystalline silicon hetero junction (a-Si/sc-Si), amorphous silicon/micro-crystalline thin-film silicon (thin-film Si), copper indium diselenide Cited by: 4.

The useful life of a photovoltaic module is a primary design parameter, as indi- cated in Table 4. Kenneth R. Stone is the EPA Project Officer (see below). The complete report, entitled "Life Cycle Design of Amorphous Silicon Photovol- taic Modules," (Order No.

PB; Cost: $, subject to change) will be available only from. However, when considering the entire life cycle of PV power generation, from quartz mining to metallurgical silicon production, cell and module production, and the disposal of end-of-life PV systems, the energy consumption and pollution emissions should not be ignored.

However, the lifetime of current PV systems is 25 years or more. As indicated by Figuremodule costs dominate the total cost of PV systems.

Crystalline silicon modules cost about US$/W [30]; thin-film modules cost approximately $/W in nominal dollars [19]. The cost of crystalline silicon modules has remained fixed or increased since due to shortages in the polycrystalline supply [34]. the c-Si and TF PV systems. The life cycle GHG emissions for c-Si and TF PV power systems are compared with.

other electricity generation technologies in the figure on this page. These results show that: •otal life cycle GHG emissions from T solar PV systems are similar to other. renewables and nuclear energy, and much lower than coal.

Photovoltaics (PV) is the conversion of light into electricity using semiconducting materials that exhibit the photovoltaic effect, a phenomenon studied in physics, photochemistry, and electrochemistry. PV has become the cheapest source of electrical power in regions with a high solar potential, with price bids as low as US$/kWh in Panel prices have dropped by the factor of The life cycle assessment is modelled based on life cycle inventory data from the module production from March to October The data are collected and provided by Flexcell.

The goal of the life cycle assessment is to evaluate the environmental impacts caused by the produc-tion and operation of amorphous silicon modules produced by Flexcell.

Life Cycle Design of Amorphous Silicon Photovoltaic Modules Geoffrey M. Lewis and Gregory A. Keoleian Project Summary The life cycle design framework was applied to photovoltaic (PV) module de-sign. The primary objective of this project was to develop and evaluate design metrics for assessing and guid-ing the improvement of PV product sys-tems.

[10] found energy requirement of crystalline silicon PV modules varying from to16, MJ/m2 for mono-Si modules. Kannan carried out LCA of a distributed kWp solar PV system and found the life cycle energy use MJ/kWh and the estimated EPBT and the GHG emissions were years and about g- CO2/kWh [11].

There are fewer life-cycle studies of thin-film PV tech-nologies; evaluations of the life-cycle primary energy con-sumption of amorphous silicon ranged between and MJ/m.

2 (Alsema, ). The differences are largely attributed to the choice of substrate and encapsulation materials. The lowest estimate, made by Palz and Zibetta. Downloadable. Life cycle metrics evolution specific to the climate zone of photovoltaic (PV) operation would give detailed insights on the environmental and economic performance.

At present, vast literature is available on the PV life cycle metrics where only the output energies ignoring the degradation rate (DR) influence.

In this study, the environ-economic analysis of three PV technologies. Renogy Watt 12 Volt Monocrystalline Solar Panel, Compact Design X X in, High Efficiency Module PV Power for Battery Charging Boat, Caravan, RV and Any Other Off Grid Applications out of 5 stars 1, Introduction.

Thin‐film photovoltaic (PV) systems such as amorphous silicon (a‐Si), cadmium telluride (CdTe), and copper indium gallium diselenide (CIGS) are expanding rapidly due to their low cost, ease of manufacturing, advancing conversion efficiency, and competitive sustainability indicators.

Photovoltaic modules use light energy from the Sun to generate electricity through the photovoltaic modules use wafer-based crystalline silicon cells or thin-film structural (load carrying) member of a module can be either the top layer or the back must be protected from mechanical damage and moisture.

Most modules are rigid, but semi-flexible ones based on. RESEARCH AND ANALYSIS Table 1 Thin-film amorphous silicon (a-Si) photovoltaic life cycle environmental studies reporting greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions (15 studies, 26 scenarios) gCO 2- Solar irradiation Module Lifetime Study eq/kWh (kWh/m2/yr) efficiency (%) PR (years) Type Note Yamada et al.

() 1, 8 20 G Production scale = GW. Given the quantity of the PV panels already installed and its predicted growth, the waste from PV panels will generate environmental problems in the future if the panels are not treated carefully when phased out.

Crystalline-silicon panels contain materials that might be lost at the end of life (EoL). Three metrics -energy payback time, electricity production efficiency and life-cycle conversion efficiency- were defined for PV modules with and without balance-of-system (BOS) components.

These metrics were evaluated for a United Solar UPM amorphous silicon PV module based on average insolation in Detroit, Boulder, and Phoenix.Amorphous silicon (a-Si) is the non-crystalline form of silicon used for solar cells and thin-film transistors in LCDs.

Used as semiconductor material for a-Si solar cells, or thin-film silicon solar cells, it is deposited in thin films onto a variety of flexible substrates, such as glass, metal and plastic.

Amorphous silicon cells generally feature low efficiency, but are one of the [email protected]{osti_, title = {Life Cycle Nitrogen Trifluoride Emissions from Photovoltaics}, author = {Fthenakis, V}, abstractNote = {Amorphous- and nanocrystalline-silicon thin-film photovoltaic modules are made in high-throughput manufacturing lines that necessitate quickly cleaning the reactor.

Using NF{sub 3}, a potent greenhouse gas, as the cleaning agent triggered concerns as recent.